This is certainly a model used by many British universities and publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations can be used. Because the paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are located in the main body of this text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have now been provided in a footnote into the quotation that is first. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, inside the main body of the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an paragraph that is indented. Remember that even if the writing because of the composer of the paper is combined with quotations from the novel and secondary sources the sentences continue to be grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced associated with rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a woman at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for life’. 1 this can be Miss Brodie’s adoption associated with Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for God, she moulds the child on her own ends. ‘You are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my stamp and cut . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie essay writing service for the head’ (36), there clearly was, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel using the Church given that body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and also this is demonstrated in a literal way when certainly one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and it is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and decides to carry on the side that is modern the high school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. Eunice will not continue her role whilst the group’s jester, or even go with them to the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on the religious convictions:

All of that term she attempted to inspire Eunice in order to become at the least a pioneer missionary in certain deadly and dangerous zone of the earth, for this was intolerable to Miss Brodie that some of her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to some vocation. ‘You will turn into a lady Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly drawn to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; this woman is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), along with her tutor audaciously absolves her through the sins this will entail: ‘she is over the code that is moral it doesn’t connect with her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The above passage is extracted from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: Laying out a bibliography

The bibliography will often range from the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even from them directly if you have not referred to or quoted. The order is determined and alphabetical by the authors’ names. Book titles come in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles appear in inverted commas. When referring to books you need to are the author’s name, host to publication, the publisher, and also the date as soon as the book was published. The number and/or volume number, the date of publication and the page numbers to reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal. There are many styles for laying out a bibliography, but the elements that are same in each, and you must be consistent. Consult the handbooks can be found within the libraries for further details.

This is a model utilized by many British universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television and also the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

Here is the model recommended by the present day Languages Association (MLA) and it is employed by most universities that are american publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television together with Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The fantastic War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The essential information provided by each model is given in identical order, but they differ in the manner that the information are presented. Whichever model you decide on or are instructed to use make sure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works for further advice. These books are on the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, how exactly to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All further references are to this edition and given when you look at the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.